Black Tom was an island in New York Harbor, next to Liberty Island. It served as a depot and warehouses for the National Dock & Storage Company with 2,000,000 tons of explosives, ready to sail across the Atlantic during World War I. On the night of July 30, 1916, two German agents planted pencil bombs that ignited an explosion. The congregation of Our Lady of Czestochowa Church were hit hard, which led to the commemorating of the attack with their stained glass window memorial.
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